Dubuffet Jean

Le Havre *1901 - †1985 Paris


Jean Dubuffet was a French painter and sculpturist. He is one of the most popular representatives of the French post-war art.

Jean Dubuffet was born as the son of a bourgeois family of wine traders in Le Havre. As student he started in 1917 evening classes in drawing at the École des Beaux-Arts in Le Havre. After his school graduation he moved to Paris to study at the Académie Julian.

In the 20s he painted in the circle of artists as Suzanne Valadon, Max Jacob oder Raoul Dufy figurative compositions and later meets Fernand Léger and André Masson. However he quit painting soon. 1933-1935 he started painting again and definitely devoted himself to applied art. From this time on he concerned himself with naiv art. In the early post-war period his primitive material images led to a scandal and gained wider recognition, especially in the United States.

Dubuffet was the first theorist of the art brut. This term was justified by Dubuffet who concerned himself widly with naiv and anti-academic aestetic – the concept of anti-intellectual art. Art brut describes art far off established forms and movements which manifests in Dubuffets paintings, sculptures, assemblages and monuments.

His works are represented in many international collections. Dubuffet donates great works to Musée des Arts décoratifs in Paris and the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam. The foundation „Jean Dubuffet“ which residences in his former atelier in the 137, rue de Sèvres, documents and communicates Dubuffets` work.